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Textile machine related development
Jul 24, 2018

Spinning wheel

According to the structure, the ancient universal spinning wheel can be divided into two types: hand spinning wheel and pedal spinning wheel. The image data of the hand spinning wheel was found many times in the unearthed Han Dynasty cultural relics, indicating that the hand spinning wheel has been very popular in the Han Dynasty. The pedal spinning machine was developed on the basis of the hand spinning wheel. The earliest image data is the Eastern Han Dynasty portrait stone unearthed in Sihong County, Jiangsu Province. In the hand-spinning spinning wheel, the driving force of the spinning wheel comes from the hand. When operating, it is necessary to shake the spinning wheel with one hand and perform the spinning work with one hand. The force of the spinning wheel driving the spinning wheel comes from the foot. When operating, the spinning woman can use both hands to perform the spinning operation, which greatly improves the working efficiency. Since its inception, spinning wheels have been the most popular spinning machine, and even in modern times, it has been used as a major spinning tool in some remote areas.

hydraulic spinning wheel

The number of spindles in ancient spinning cars is generally 2 to 3 and the maximum is 5. On the occasion of the Song and Yuan Dynasties, with the development of social economy, on the basis of various hand-made spinning machines, a large spinning wheel with dozens of spindles was gradually produced. The big spinning wheel is different from the original spinning wheel. Its characteristics are: the number of spindles is up to several dozen, and it is driven by water. These characteristics make the large spinning wheel have the prototype of modern spinning machinery and adapt to large-scale professional production. Taking spinning as an example, the universal spinning machine can spin up to 3 pounds per day, while the large spinning wheel can spin more than one hundred kilograms a night. When spinning, you need to use enough hemp to meet its production capacity. The hydraulic spinning wheel is an important invention in ancient China that applied natural forces to textile machinery. For example, in the case of spinning machines with hydraulic power as the driving force, China is more than four centuries older than the West.

pedal loom

The pedal loom is a general name for a textile machine with a pedal lift opening device, which is stepped on by the person's feet. The earliest appearance of the pedal loom, there is still no reliable historical description. According to the history book, the number of fabrics given by the princes in the Warring States period is 100 times higher than that in the Spring and Autumn Period, and the historical materials such as the Chinese painting stone carved in the past few places, which are unearthed in various places, speculate that the appearance of the pedal loom can be It dates back to the Warring States Period. In the Qin and Han Dynasties, the Yellow River Basin and the vast areas of the Yangtze River Basin have been widely used. The use of the foot pedal to raise the opening of the loom is a major invention in the history of the development of the loom. It uses the feet of the person to step on the work and frees the hands of the weaver from the lifting movement to specialize in picking and beating. Greatly increased productivity. For example, in the production of plain fabrics, it is 20 to 60 times higher than the original weaving machine, and can be woven 0.3 to 1 meter per person per hour.

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